Archives for category: Alternative Propulsion Systems

The world populations of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles fell overall by 52 percent between 1970 and 2010, far faster than previously thought, the World Wildlife Fund said on Tuesday.  By 2045 global population is projected to reach nine billion and some predict thirteen billion by 2100. Can the planet take the strain? Are we being proactive? Darko Kapelina believes that we can leverage sustainable clean energy advancements and tip the scales back in our planet’s favor.

There are many who argue that our air and our oceans are cleaner today then they were before.  Darko Kapelina suggest referencing the September 14, 2014 study by the WMO Atmospheric Environment Research Division.

Click to access GHG_Bulletin_10_EN.pdf

3 Jun 2013 | United Kingdom

Darko Kapelina believes that wireless charging advances will make new EV records such as this one commonplace.

When Drayson Racing Technologies and Lola Cars introduced the B12 69/EV last year, the electric race car promised to be one of the fastest of its kind. Six months later, it set a record at the Goodwood Hillclimb, and it’s now gunning for an even bigger record. Drayson announced this week that it plans to make an attempt at an FIA electric land speed record within a month at RAF Elvington in Yorkshire. It will try to best the 175 mph (282 km/h) mark that was set back in 1974.

The attempt will be made in the sub-1000kg class by entrepreneur, racing driver and former UK science minister Lord Drayson who will drive a low-drag version of the Drayson B12 69/EV electric Le-Mans Prototype flat-out along Elvington’s 1.86-mile runway.

Lord Drayson will aim to better the current record of 175mph set by Battery Box General Electric in the United States and which has stood since 1974. This record has held firm for nearly 40 years due to the immense technical challenge of running an electric vehicle consistently and reliably at such speeds when weighing less than 1000kg.

Lord Drayson, CEO and co-founder of Drayson Racing Technologies, commented, “It is not the outright speed that is impressive about this record attempt, but the engineering challenge of accelerating a 1000kg electric vehicle to such a high speed and sustaining that speed over a measured mile, before stopping safely all within a relatively short distance then turning round and doing it again within an hour. It’s a tremendous technical challenge but we believe it’s about time someone moved this record on to demonstrate just how far EV technology has come.”

Drayson Racing Technologies is a research and development business, pioneering the development of sustainable technologies in the challenging environment of motorsport. With the electric land speed record they intend to showcase what is possible with an electric drivetrain and underscore Britain’s leadership position in the burgeoning EV industry.

The Drayson B12 69/EV was not originally conceived as a land speed car. Having raced the Lola chassis in sports car championships around the world powered by a second generation bio-fuelled Judd V10 engine, Drayson Racing Technologies took the decision to explore the potential of the electric drivetrain and use the familiar Lola chassis as a starting point. This provided the team with a considerably tougher engineering challenge than starting from a ground-up design – particularly in packaging the drivetrain to maintain the rigidity and crash safety of the original car.

In its current iteration, the Drayson B12 69/EV represents the pinnacle of what a bona fide electric racing car can achieve in terms of performance. To challenge for the record some changes have been made to the set-up of the car and drivetrain that are consistent with racing at a low downforce circuit. This will give the B12 69/EV the traction to achieve maximum acceleration in the short distance available, sustain maximum speed over a measured mile and stop safely.

Lord Drayson added, “The reason we are doing this is to showcase the maximum level of EV performance at the moment – and in a real racing car rather than a teardrop-shaped land speed record car. We are also demonstrating the future potential of technologies like wireless charging in speeding the adoption of high performance EVs.”

Darko Kapelina is interested in all clean regenerative sailing ideas and systems

 

Darko Kapelina provided the following update to his March 26, 2013 post titled “Electric cars to accelerate from 1 to 25 in 5 years.

31 May 2013 | Japan
Why Toyota is clear leader in electric vehicles: What next?
Toyota is the largest electric vehicle (EV) manufacturer by value; its EV gross sales product (GSP) being over 40% of the total global EV market (hybrid and pure electric) of $65 billion in 2013, with over 4,400 manufacturers sharing the rest.
Most of those make e-bikes, of course. Toyota is many times the size of its nearest competition in EVs by value of sales. Yet EVs are not yet responsible for most of Toyota’s gross sales product overall – or anywhere near. Its EV success is partly because it is the global leader in heavy industrial pure electric and hybrid EVs. To be precise, it is the leader in material handling EVs such as forklifts, with around $6 billion in sales there alone, whereas heavy EVs for earthmoving, mining and agriculture are in their infancy.
It is the global leader in hybrid cars, a market many times larger than that for pure electric cars, and it is in the top ten in electric buses worldwide, another of the largest market sectors with one of the largest growth rates. The hybrid car figures are particularly impressive:
• Seventeen percent of all cars sold in Japan in 2012 were hybrids, with 75% of those made by Toyota and its luxury car division.
• Toyota Motor Corp has sold more than 5 million gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles to the end of March 2013, since they first went on sale in 1997, the automaker said earlier this month.
• Its Prius series accounted for about 70 percent of that, making it the most popular hybrid model in the automotive industry.
• Globally, Toyota sold 1.2 million hybrid vehicles in 2012, the first time it sold more than 1 million hybrids in a single year.
Unprecedented depth and breadth of research
Toyota’s research into batteries, motors and other key components of EVs is unprecedented and in many cases it feeds subsidiaries making these components. The company efficiently cross-fertilises new EV technology between divisions unlike many competitors that enter other EV sectors then compartmentalise the divisions involved.
Challenges
Toyota is not without its challenges. Material handling will not be one of the fastest growing sectors as recovery from the drop in recession becomes complete. Hybrid cars will eventually give way to pure electric cars, where Toyota is largely playing a waiting game, invested in Tesla and correctly perceiving that they are not quite ready for mainstream prime time. The largest demand for electric buses will be in the rigged Chinese market for the coming decade and, there, Toyota will not be permitted to overtake national champion Yutong. The imminently huge military EV sector has no significant participation by Toyota and it is weak in the burgeoning light industrial/commercial EV sector.

For Bertrand Piccard, the idea to build a solar-powered plane capable of circumnavigating the globe was hatched while running on empty. In March 1999, Piccard was on the final leg of an around-the-world journey by hot air balloon—the first-ever nonstop flight of its kind—when his Breitling Orbiter 3 swept low over the Egyptian desert and skidded to a halt on the corrugated plains. As Piccard stepped out onto the hot sand, he checked the fuel tanks mounted on his gondola and got a shock that became a defining moment. “We had left Switzerland with four tons of propane,” he remembers. “We only had 40 kilos left! We almost didn’t make it. I promised myself that next time I would fly around the world without using any fuel at all.” Read more:

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323550604578410800434511668.html#ixzz2RhYGHnOD

Darko Kapelina believes that this April 25, 2013 Wall Street Journal article about circumnavigating the globe in an airplane powered by only solar energy proves that circumnavigating the globe is also possible with regenerative sailing.  Kapelina is interested in ideas relating to clean regenerative sailing.

Diesel engine exhaust contains carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and other potentially toxic gases. It also contains fine particulate matter, some in the form of soot, which can build up in a person’s lungs. People who live in high-traffic or high-smog areas or who work around diesel engines and diesel fumes can develop health problems, some of which can be lethal.

Diesel Exhaust Fumes Linked to Cancer and Other Serious Health Effects

With the recent confirmation by the World Health Organization (WHO) that diesel engine fumes can cause cancer in humans, millions worldwide will now know the serious health risks in breathing in diesel gas fumes. Diesel exhaust fumes are ‘major cancer risk’ and as deadly as asbestos and mustard gas, says World Health Organization.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2158574/Diesel-engine-exhaust-fumes-major-cancer-risk.html#ixzz2O6yEV6MY

People at Risk

Children and the elderly are the most at risk of health problems associated with exposure to diesel fumes. People with cardiovascular diseases, emphysema and asthma are also more vulnerable than otherwise healthy people to the effects of diesel exhaust.

Effects of Acute Exposure

Acute exposure is short-term exposure to diesel exhaust. This short-term exposure can cause eye, nose and throat irritation and can cause the victim to feel light-headed. Breathing diesel fumes can cause those with asthma to suffer an attack and may interfere with the breathing of emphysema sufferers. If a person is subjected to repeated acute exposure, his health problems may become chronic and worsen over time.

Effects of Chronic Exposure

Chronic exposure can either be repeated short exposures or the result of being around diesel fumes for long periods. The fine particles in diesel exhaust have substances such as formaldehyde attached to them. When breathed by a person for long periods of time, these particles and other gases and substances in diesel exhaust can damage the immune system, interfere with hormone production and cause cancer.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendation: avoid exposure to diesel exhaust. 

Darko Kapelina is interested in clean regenerative sailing ideas and systems.

Darko Kapelina comments on Bloomberg Mar 21, 2013 article regarding tanker owners letting their ships drift to save fuel.  “Why drift when regenerative propulsion alternatives are available?”

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-21/tanker-drifts-toward-algeria-as-owner-norden-battles-fuel-costs.html?goback=%2Egde_4045438_member_226761247

Kapelina points to progress made by Sharepoint Partners http://nsrsail.eu with their Sail into a Sustainable Future at the Carbon War Room project regarding self-financing mechanism for retrofitting fuel efficiency technologies in the shipping industry.

Darko Kapelina quotes hockey great Wayne Gretzky who said that to win, “you have to skate to where the puck is going, not to where it is now”.  In 2012 there were an estimated 25,000 electric cars sold worldwide, representing less than 1% of all car sales.  Projections are that by 2018 the number of electric cars sold including 100% electric and hybrid will grow to 10,000,000 or 25% of all car sales! Kapelina is interested in clean sailing ideas and systems.

Darko Kapelina believes that truly clean sailing is within our grasp. There are far too many compelling reasons answering the why? less dependency fossil fuel, no oil in the bilge, no noise, no pollution, no gas, no fumes, an electric motor is silent, clean electricity is far more available than marine fuel stations, no more fear of onboard fuel fire, no more fear of carbon monoxide poising, which leads to the what and how? Darko Kapelina is interested in electric sailing ideas and proven systems.

Darko Kapelina states that aircraft design will never be the same again after the pressure to save the planet, reduce local noise, air and land pollution, reduce dependency on oil and large areas of land for operations and to modernize industry or see it collapse. Belatedly, leaded fuel is being banned for aviation and considerable financial support is now available for the creation of new types of electric aircraft.

Boeing Electric Aircraft</
Source: Boeing

The next generation of electric aircraft is being designed from the ground up rather than shoehorned into existing airframes! According to Darko Kapelina the same will occur in the sailboat manufacturing industry.